Oceanic Fiber: Threat and Promise

Builtvisible has a detailed history of undersea cables along with their role in espionage, starting with Operation Ivy Bells through the USS Jimmy Carter and the latest threats from earthquakes and terrorists.

Some factoids from the story:

  • There are 277 undersea fibre optic cables in the world today.
  • These cables carry 99% of all international communications, including Internet and telecom traffic.
  • They span a total of 986,543 km, and each day route a quantity of data equivalent to several hundred US Libraries of Congress.
  • Global Internet traffic in 2013 was approximately 51 exabytes and will increase to 132 exabytes by 2018
  • National economies are at risk when cable systems are disrupted.
  • Over 80% of international fibre optic data from Latin America currently routes through the United States
  • Modern tapping can be accomplished in one of two ways: either by splicing the cable or by bending the cable to a point where it begins to leak data.
  • The Guardian revealed how British intelligence agency GCHQ was intercepting data
  • Reuters reports that the EU has threatened to suspend data transfer agreements with the US until Washington strengthens guarantees to protect the privacy of EU citizens.
  • In December 2006 communications were rocked across Asia when the Hengchun earthquake severed a whopping 80% of the cables connecting Taiwan with the rest of the world.
  • Concerns over data terrorism are aimed at the cable infrastructure
  • Three men were arrested off the coast of Alexandria for allegedly cutting the SEA-ME-WE 4 cable connecting much of East Africa, to the rest of world. Damage to the cable affected 614 networks connected to Telecom Egypt.
  • UAVs require 500Mbps of bandwidth each to function. Their missions depend massively on global network reliability
  • The objective of initiatives like Project Loon and Oluvus is ubiquitous and democratic access to the Internet.

The OptIPuter is a personal supercomputer that instantaneously connects to global databases as fast as local hard drives. The OptIPuter uses dedicated (not shared) 10-GigE optical strands that users can “dial up”.

The global dependency of oceanic fiber and the vastness of the ocean indicates there probably have been and will continue to be terrorists threats on fiber.

How far surveillance should go will be debated for the foreseeable future. The growth of cellular and the Internet of Things will soon expand fiber’s global impact.

Related Dailywireless articles include; NSA Spying Threatens Global Internet?, NSA’s Cable Tapping Explained, Ocean Observatory Network Lands in Oregon, Google’s Transpacific Fiber Ready, Google + SingTel = Unity Submarine Fiber, Google: Now it’s Transpacific Fiber, NSA’s Utah Data Center, NSA Revelations: “Tip of the Iceberg”, Snowden: Hero or Traitor?, Fiber Crosses the Pond, The Other Atlantis, Surveillance State, Top Secret America: The Book, The Telephone Game, How Your Location & Preferences are Recorded, Behavioral Targeting: Kill/Capture, Google Vs The Feds, US Government: More Surveillance Power, The Secret Patriot Act, Facebook Invests in Asian Oceanic Fiber , Transoceanic Fiber Upgraded, Underwater Streetview, NSA Stores Social MetaData on US Persons

Oceanic Fiber: Threat and Promise

Builtvisible has a detailed history of undersea cables along with their role in espionage, starting with Operation Ivy Bells through the USS Jimmy Carter and the latest threats from earthquakes and terrorists.

Some factoids from the story:

  • There are 277 undersea fibre optic cables in the world today.
  • These cables carry 99% of all international communications, including Internet and telecom traffic.
  • They span a total of 986,543 km, and each day route a quantity of data equivalent to several hundred US Libraries of Congress.
  • Global Internet traffic in 2013 was approximately 51 exabytes and will increase to 132 exabytes by 2018
  • National economies are at risk when cable systems are disrupted.
  • Over 80% of international fibre optic data from Latin America currently routes through the United States
  • Modern tapping can be accomplished in one of two ways: either by splicing the cable or by bending the cable to a point where it begins to leak data.
  • The Guardian revealed how British intelligence agency GCHQ was intercepting data
  • Reuters reports that the EU has threatened to suspend data transfer agreements with the US until Washington strengthens guarantees to protect the privacy of EU citizens.
  • In December 2006 communications were rocked across Asia when the Hengchun earthquake severed a whopping 80% of the cables connecting Taiwan with the rest of the world.
  • Concerns over data terrorism are aimed at the cable infrastructure
  • Three men were arrested off the coast of Alexandria for allegedly cutting the SEA-ME-WE 4 cable connecting much of East Africa, to the rest of world. Damage to the cable affected 614 networks connected to Telecom Egypt.
  • UAVs require 500Mbps of bandwidth each to function. Their missions depend massively on global network reliability
  • The objective of initiatives like Project Loon and Oluvus is ubiquitous and democratic access to the Internet.

The OptIPuter is a personal supercomputer that instantaneously connects to global databases as fast as local hard drives. The OptIPuter uses dedicated (not shared) 10-GigE optical strands that users can “dial up”.

The global dependency of oceanic fiber and the vastness of the ocean indicates there probably have been and will continue to be terrorists threats on fiber.

How far surveillance should go will be debated for the foreseeable future. The growth of cellular and the Internet of Things will soon expand fiber’s global impact.

Related Dailywireless articles include; NSA Spying Threatens Global Internet?, NSA’s Cable Tapping Explained, Ocean Observatory Network Lands in Oregon, Google’s Transpacific Fiber Ready, Google + SingTel = Unity Submarine Fiber, Google: Now it’s Transpacific Fiber, NSA’s Utah Data Center, NSA Revelations: “Tip of the Iceberg”, Snowden: Hero or Traitor?, Fiber Crosses the Pond, The Other Atlantis, Surveillance State, Top Secret America: The Book, The Telephone Game, How Your Location & Preferences are Recorded, Behavioral Targeting: Kill/Capture, Google Vs The Feds, US Government: More Surveillance Power, The Secret Patriot Act, Facebook Invests in Asian Oceanic Fiber , Transoceanic Fiber Upgraded, Underwater Streetview, NSA Stores Social MetaData on US Persons

Broadcom HEVC Technology Powers India’s First Ultra HD Set-top Box Deployment from Tata Sky and Technicolor

IRVINE, Calif., July 28, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Broadcom Corporation (NASDAQ: BRCM), a global innovation leader in semiconductor solutions for wired and wireless communications, today announced that its BCM7252 high-efficiency video codec (HEVC) H.265 system-on-chip (SoC) will power Tata Sky's first generation Ultra HD set-top boxes (STBs). Tata Sky, a leading Direct-to-Home (DTH) provider in India, and Technicolor, a worldwide technology leader in the media and entertainment sector, have teamed to design and deploy the region's first 4K STBs, planned for mass deployment throughout India in 2015. Broadcom's industry-leading HEVC-enabled chipsets provide the compression and higher throughput required by operators and OEMs to rapidly introduce Ultra HD subscriber hardware and content. For more news, visit Broadcom's Newsroom.

Ultra HD deployments hinge on the advanced delivery mechanisms for over-the-air broadcasts, pay TV and over-the-top (OTT) services. Unlike HD, which typically relies on MPEG-4 to compress content, Ultra HD craves a higher-efficiency video codec to support transmission. The Broadcom® BCM7252 Ultra HD SoC dramatically improves coding efficiency and reduces video bandwidth usage by 50 percent.

"We are committed to delivering an innovative and world class TV viewing experience. With the arrival of HEVC technology, our subscribers will soon be some of the first in the region to experience the live-action quality that only Ultra HD can provide," said Harit Nagpal, Tata Sky Managing Director & CEO. "As Ultra HD TVs continue to become more affordable and Ultra HD content becomes more widely available, we anticipate increased subscriber demand for Ultra HD-capable set top boxes."

Technicolor is at the forefront of Ultra HD, working to enhance the Ultra HD experience on all screens by providing content preparation and 4K image certification for high quality STBs and Video Gateways," said Georges Laplanche, Technicolor Senior Vice President APAC, Connected Home Division. "By leveraging Broadcom's advanced Ultra HD devices with integrated HEVC compression technology, we can deliver 4K resolution at a frame rate of 60 frames-per-second while substantially reducing the bandwidth required for video transmission, and providing the advanced features and capabilities needed to enable the ultimate home viewing experience."

"As consumer interest in Ultra HD continues to grow, Broadcom is delivering advanced devices with market-specific features and price points that allow consumers to enjoy an enhanced viewing experience regardless of their geography," said Rich Nelson, Broadcom Senior Vice President of Marketing, BCG. "Broadcom continues to demonstrate its commitment to furthering the Ultra HD ecosystem across the globe, providing the innovation required by our customers to drive this technology quickly into the market, particularly as lower-cost Ultra HD TVs drive consumer awareness."

Key Features of the BCM7252 Ultra HD SoC

  • High-performance dual-core Brahma15 10000 DMIPs ARMv7 processors
  • 2180p60 or dual 1080p60 decode and transcode capabilities
  • Integrated connectivity peripherals including USB 3.0, PCIe, Gigabit Ethernet and MoCA 2.0
  • Highest level of platform security, content protection and DRM robustness
  • Dual display allowing presentation of two simultaneous video channels from the same STB via independent HDMI outputs and remote control devices
  • Dedicated interfaces to a range of Broadcom companion front end cable, DOCSIS, satellite and 802.11ac Wi-Fi devices

Availability
Broadcom's full portfolio of Ultra HD devices are now available. Tata Sky's Ultra HD STBs, produced by Technicolor, are slated for deployment throughout India in the first half of 2015.

For ongoing news, visit Broadcom's Newsroom, read the B-Connected Blog, or visit Facebook or Twitter. And to stay connected, subscribe to Broadcom's RSS Feed.

About Broadcom
Broadcom Corporation (NASDAQ: BRCM), a FORTUNE 500® company, is a global leader and innovator in semiconductor solutions for wired and wireless communications. Broadcom® products seamlessly deliver voice, video, data and multimedia connectivity in the home, office and mobile environments.  With the industry's broadest portfolio of state-of-the-art system-on-a-chip solutions, Broadcom is changing the world by Connecting everything®.  For more information, go to www.broadcom.com.

Broadcom®, the pulse logo, Connecting everything® and the Connecting everything logo are among the trademarks of Broadcom Corporation and/or its affiliates in the United States, certain other countries and/or the EU.  Any other trademarks or trade names mentioned are the property of their respective owners.

Press

Tamara Snowden

Sr. Manager, Communications

408-922-6505

tamaras@broadcom.com

Investors

T. Peter Andrew

Vice President, Treasury & Investor Relations

949-926-6932

andrewtp@broadcom.com

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Director, Investor Relations

949-926-4425

sameerd@broadcom.com

SOURCE Broadcom Corporation; BRCM Wireless and Connectivity